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What Are Prebiotics And Probiotics

What are Prebiotics and Probiotics - Health Fitness Dubai - 1


Probiotics and prebiotics are both related to the health of our digestive system, but they play different roles in promoting gut health.


Probiotics are live microorganisms, primarily beneficial bacteria, that are ingested to provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts.

These “good” bacteria are naturally found in the gut and help maintain a healthy balance of microflora in the digestive system.

They can also be found in certain fermented foods, such as yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, kimchi, and miso.

Probiotics are believed to offer various health benefits, including

Improving Digestion

 They can aid in breaking down food and enhancing nutrient absorption.

Boosting The Immune System

They support the body’s defenses against harmful pathogens.

Maintaining gut health: Probiotics help prevent or reduce symptoms of digestive issues like diarrhea, bloating, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Balancing The Gut Microbiome

They contribute to the diversity and abundance of beneficial bacteria in the gut.

It’s important to note that the specific benefits of probiotics can vary depending on the strains and species of bacteria present in the product.

Different strains may have different effects on the body, so it’s essential to choose a probiotic supplement or food with strains that suit your specific needs.


Prebiotics, on the other hand, are non-digestible fibers and compounds that act as a food source for beneficial bacteria in the gut. They are typically carbohydrates that cannot be broken down and absorbed in the upper digestive tract. Instead, they pass through to the colon, where they are fermented by gut bacteria.

The fermentation process of prebiotics produces short-chain fatty acids, which are beneficial to colon health and may also support overall health. By promoting the growth and activity of good bacteria, prebiotics help maintain a balanced gut microbiome.

Common sources of prebiotics include certain fruits and vegetables, such as bananas, onions, garlic, asparagus, chicory root, and whole grains.


To summarize, probiotics are live beneficial bacteria that you can consume directly through supplements or certain foods, while prebiotics are non-digestible fibers that feed the good bacteria already present in your gut, helping them thrive and support your digestive and overall health.

Combining both probiotics and prebiotics in your diet is often referred to as “synbiotics,” as they work together synergistically to enhance gut health.

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What are Prebiotics and Probiotics - Health Fitness Dubai - 2


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